Hybrid Words in English from Turkish
The theme of people of languages means that his contacts with each other. Language contacts two or more words of the language to interact with each other causes. Languages of the peoples as active as the Turks, left deep traces in many languages, including English. Different sources give different data on the number of words in the English language Turkish origin. The number of these words, according to the source, varies between 10 and 800 words.
Verilere we have, according to the word in English, there are approximately four hundred Turkish origin. This, 55% of the words creating ethnological, social and political content accounted for 26% of the remaining words, constitute 19% of the words from natural events.
Natural terms, widely seen as a mutual sciences. Although the field of expertise falls in a part of these terms, they constitute an important part of English vocabulary. Terms contained in this group; Badia, Irbis, jougara, mammoth, sable, taiga, turkey and so on. are examples. There are 18 minerals in the same group name. As an example, dashkesanite, Tabriz marble, etc. turanite. be given.
Social and political content of the phrase, usually related to lives of Turkish and Muslim communities, special literature, history and ethnography are used in the works. This group of Turkish origin, the most famous words: bashi-bazouk, Begum, effendi, chiaus, Cossack, ganch, horde, Janissary, khan, Lackey, mameluke, pacha, saber, uhlan‘dır.
Ethnographic words generally, as well as historical and ethnographic works are also used in the scientific literature. In addition, an integral part of English vocabulary can be found in the words of some Turkish origin: caviar, coach, kiosk, kumiss, macrame, shabrack, shagreen, vampires and so on.
Turkish words into English, British ancestors (angle, the Saxons, Jütler), a Turkish tribe they enter the era under the influence of the Huns, in other words, it goes back to the late fourth century. A.D. 376’dan since the whole of Central Europe under the influence of the Huns. MS immediately after the death of Attila the Hun The first British group consisting 449’da Jütlerden with Angle and Saxons began to immigrate to the British Isles.
This migration event, spread over a period of approximately 150 years old. For this reason, the Turkish language, especially on the effects of old English, German tribes of the Huns and the saikkle being dominant over, took at least 73 years. Turks, the process areas of the German tribes, the army showed a culture and sovereignty over if they are taken into account, particularly the military terminology, rhetoric, horse breeding, including the terminology and the basic terms that form the structure of the state in many areas where the Old English word that affects many Turkish origin will be seen. We, the beech, body, girl, beer, book, words such as Hun-old English king was received during the Turkish language is thinking. Unfortunately, we could not find an opportunity to review the Old English words directly.
English language development process, many of the Old English words, including words Hun from the period of Turkish origin, from places other German languages, and Old French words left. Thus, for example, a word used in Turkish in origin, and the Old English “tapor” word, a word to replace the German general with a valid Nxe (= ax) to the left.
“Tapor of” the Arabs, by Persians and Russianboth languages used in the past as well as the Eastern Turks, as well as Arab, Iranian and Russian also interesting to note that already in use. In the Western Turkish language such as Turkish or Tatar language, that word is replaced with the same meaning “ax” replaced the word. This word, Tatar language tool for cutting a formal-modifications therein and vegetables “, which means tapagoch used as”. “Tapar” name is derived from state and “to cut, chop,” which means “tapau” de facto, is one of the Tatar language, active verbs.
Turkish words in the English during the Middle Ages, as well as by the adoption of the Old English there is a possible cause: the Vikings. Vikings -9 for a long time. century. ‘from the 12th century. ‘up-Bulgarians, the Pechenegs and Kipchaks, and many were found within close contact with the Turkish tribes. The obvious signs are that it is in contact with this tribe has several features that the Turkish nation. Sea nomads, also known as traders and warriors of the Viking people, only MS widen Although started in 800s, 5 of these people century. ‘s a known fact that the current price to pay a higher price Hun swords.
Recent research by the Vikings, their ancestors lived in the rivers Don and the region, most likely as a result of forcing the Turkish tribes, MS 4. century. ‘also reveals they quit. Scandinavian language group is connected to the Vikings in England during the Norman administration (9-12. Yy.lar) 10 has been a strong influence on English.
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